Plant Finder


Manchurian Alder*

Alnus hirsuta

Add To My Wish List

print page
Manchurian Alder (Alnus hirsuta) at Alsip Home and Nursery

Manchurian Alder

Manchurian Alder

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

Height:  40 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3

Other Names:  Siberian Alder


Alders tend to prefer wet, riverbank sites but this species is rather adaptable to drier conditions; a decent shade tree with no outstanding attributes but no great negatives, either; purple catkins are interesting in spring

Ornamental Features

Manchurian Alder has deep purple catkins hanging below the branches in early spring before the leaves. It has grayish green foliage throughout the season. The oval leaves turn yellow in fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Manchurian Alder is a deciduous tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Manchurian Alder is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens

Planting & Growing

Manchurian Alder will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree performs well in both full sun and full shade. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America.


* This is a "special order" plant - contact store for details

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Shade  Naturalizing 
Ornamental Features